Afang Soup Recipe

Afang soup is a delicacy of the Ibibios and the Efiks in Akwa Ibom and Cross River State of Nigeria. It is prepared from shredded afang leaves, "water leaf" (Talinum triangulare) and an assorted selection of smoked fish, stock fish, meat and crayfish. Served with fufu, gari, or pounded yam, it is a truly delicious authentic African food.

It is a must in many ceremonies in the Igbo, Effik and Ibbibio speaking parts of Southern Nigeria, including during weddings, christening of newborn babies or even  at funerals.

The main feature that brings the unique taste of Afang soup is the use of the Okazi or Afang leaf. Afang leaves (Gnetum africana ) can also be eaten raw as prepared by the Igbos in the popular African Salad "Ugba". The people of the republic of Congo also consume the afang leaves which they call "Mfumbwa".

Afang leaf is so named by the Efiks and Ibibios, while the Igbos call it "ukazi", "Eru" by the Cameroonians and "koko" in Congo. No wonder this soup is also called Okazi soup.

This highly rated traditional Nigerian stew is cooked in different ways, like most African stews. 

The appearance of afang soup might be a little threatening to new comers, but it is a really delicious and nutritious soup. In the past, the afang leaves were only collected from the forest but in Nigeria, they are now grown in local farms and at home gardens.

The other leaf used in the afang soup is the water leaf or fame flower (Talinum triangulare ) which is found in many countries in West Africa, Central African, some southern parts of USA but mostly cultivated in Cameroon and Nigeria.

Nutritional Value of Afang Soup

The Afang leaf itself serves as a dietary fiber which helps in proper digestion. It gives a bulk feeling, vital for a good weight control diet. It also contains Vitamin A (from the palm oil used), Vitamin E, C and potassium, iron and calcium. 

These are essential ingredients for good eye site, fresh and youthful skin, strong bones, good heart function and general good health and immunity.

This soup, like all other African food soups, is highly nutritious, since it contains a copious blend of vegetables, fish and or meat, along with needed lipids, minerals and vitamins.


The following are the ingredients needed to cook afang soup:

  • 1.5 kg of Okazi or Afang leaves ( Gnetum africana )
  • 1 kg of edible Water leaves (Talinum triangulare )
  • Half litre of Palm oil
  • 2 medium sized dry fish
  • 6-8 table spoons full of Crayfish
  • 2 Maggi cubes These are Nigerian seasonings
  • 2 knorr Cubes
  • 1.5 Kg of assorted Meat – ( goat meat, cow leg or cow tail)
  • 1 medium size finely chopped onions
  • 5-7 table spoons of grounded Fresh red pepper
  • 1 - 2 medium cups of Periwinkle (with shell removed )
  • stockfish head
  • snails, clam - optional
  • salt to taste

Servings: 6.

Preparation Time: 40 minutes.

Cooking Time: 35 minutes.

Step By Step Preparation Guide

Once you have all the above ingredients, this is how to cook afang soup in a step by step fashion:

  • Pluck fresh afang leaves from the stem and wash them
  • Dry the leaves under the sun in an open umbrella turned upside down for about 10 - 15 minutes, turning the leaves with your fingers occasionally; this is to allow the water drain from the leaves in preparation for cutting
  • While the afang is drying outside, pluck, wash and slice the water leaves using a cutting board and set aside
  • Bring in the afang leaves from under the sun
  • With the aid of a cutting board, slice afang leaves into tiny pieces, turn into a bowl and set aside. (On the other hand, in Nigeria you could buy the already sliced leaves from the market, but you still need to wash and dry them before use)
  • Wash assorted meat, snails and clams. snails must be washed with alum and salt to cut off the slime
  • Season meat, stockfish head, snails, and clams, with onions, pepper, maggi and salt (except the cow leg /tail) set aside in different bowls
  • Take the cow leg / tail put into a pot fill pot with 1 .5 litres of water to cover the meat and put on fire. Cook for 15 minutes. Do not add salt to cow leg or tail until its soft
  • While the cow leg / tail is on fire turn the sliced afang leaves into a mortar and pound with pestle into a paste. The afang leaves are a little tougher than other vegetable leaves so might take at least 10 minutes of constant pounding
  • Turn the pounded afang leaves into a bowl and set aside
  • After 15 minutes of cooking the cow leg / tail, turn goat meat and stock fish into cow leg/tail stock with 1 litre of water, adding more water intermittently if necessary
  • After meat might have cooked for about 15 more minutes, add prepared snails and clams. This is because they do not take long to cook
  • when meat is cooked, by then every other thing would have been well-cooked, add palm oil, knorr cubes, crayfish, dry fish and periwinkle, to meat stock, stir with cooking spoon and allow to boil till oil blends with the stock. That should take about 8mins
  • Add water leaves, stir with spoon, cover and allow to steam for about 2 mins
  • Add the Afang leaves, stir and cover the pot
  • Allow pot to sit on fire for about 5 mins, depending on how fresh you want your veggies
  • Bring pot down and serve with fufu, Pounded yam or garri

Note: Adding too much onion in afang soup gives it a different taste

Afang Soup Recipe. Share Yours Here

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