Fufu is made by mashing yam, plantain, cocoyam, rice or cassava, either singly or a combination of any of these into smooth round dough eaten with traditional African vegetable soup or stew.
It is also called foofoo foufou, fu fu. In East Africa, it is referred to as Ugali and Cous cous in French speaking African countries.
Fu fu is a staple African food. From Kigali through Lagos to Accra, you will often see women pounding foofoo in large mortar with an equally large pestle. This rich source of complex carbohydrate is also eaten by Africans outside Africa.
Fu fu is rich in complex starch and constitute a high fibre diet. Because most African foods is high fibre based like fu fu, bowel diseases are a rarity amongst Africans.
Traditionally, what ever is chosen to make fu fu (plantain or cassava for example), is brought to boil until it becomes tender, and then placed in a mortar and crushed or pounded until it becomes soft and smooth in consistency or texture.